Organ transplant keeps alive the hopes of increasing the life of a person destined to die because of a failing organ. The most common types of organ failure in human beings are kidney failure, liver failure, lung failure, and heart failure. Advancement in technology has made possible organ transplants that breathe in new life in a dying person. Nowadays, qualified and experienced surgeon can perform heart transplant with the help of cutting-edge technological development in medical sciences. In recent times, India has emerged as a favourite destination for organ transplant surgery due to high technical expertise and excellent know-how of the procedure in a cost-effective way.
What is organ transplant?
In very simple terms, replacement of a failing organ obtained from a healthy donor is known as organ transplant. The most common types of organs which are replaced include Kidney, Heart, Lung, Pancreas, Liver, Small Intestine and some others as well. Some organ transplant procedure involves incorporating tissues which are selectively transplanted including musculoskeletal grafts such as bones & tendons, cornea, heart valves, skin, veins, & nerves. In an organ transplant procedure, multiple organs such as heart and kidney can be replaced simultaneously. Organ transplant is the safest and most widely accepted form of treating a patient suffering from organ failure. However, the procurement of organ or finding a donor is often a complicated process.
Common types of organ transplant
· Kidney Transplant
· Heart Transplant
· Pancreas Transplant
· Liver Transplant
· Lung Transplant
· Intestine Transplant
Who can undergo organ transplant?
Organ transplant is a complex medical procedure that requires certain preconditions to be fulfilled. A series of diagnostic tests are done to ensure the fitness of the patients to endure such as a process. Some of the problems that may hamper this process are bodily infections, complex heart problems, high diabetes level, drug abuse or any other serious health problem.
Some of the necessary parameters taken into consideration before an organ transplant surgery are:
· Condition of patient
· Condition of donor
· Compatibility between donor & receiver
· Organ condition
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