Knee is an important part of human anatomy. It is wise to have some basic knowledge of the knee and surgical procedures that are undertaken to treat knee problems. A person experiences problem in the knees due to dissociation of bones and ligaments. The three bones that converge at knee are
- High bone (femur)
- Shin bone (tibia)
- Kneecap (patella)
These bones are held together by four ligaments, which are collateral ligaments and cruciate ligaments inside the knee. Two collateral ligaments are found on the sides of the knee while two cruciate ligaments are found inside the knee. Ligaments are hard bands of connective tissue and hold the bones together in keeping the knee in stable condition.
Types of Knee Surgery
Knee Replacement Surgery
This surgery is performed when the patients experience severe osteoarthritis of the knee. In this surgical procedure, the surgeons replace the knee joint with a prosthetic implant. The pain which occurs due to non-lubrication of knee joint bone and collision of bones on movement is alleviated by this surgery.
Knee Ligament Surgery
Knee Ligament Surgery is done when the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is torn due to some specific reasons. ACL injuries are normally sustained in sports such as skiing, football, squash, tennis, rugby and others. In this surgical procedure, a torn ACL is repaired by grafting new tissue onto it. An ACL cannot be repaired by stitching it back.
Microfracture is a surgical procedure done on the areas of cartilage damage inside the knee joint. Microfracture triggers a healing response in order to generate new cartilage where there was a gap in cartilage. A drawback with this surgical procedure is that it can be done for small areas of damage and treating cartilage is not the same as common cartilage.