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Kidney transplantation which is also known as renal transplantation is the procedure of the organ transplant into a patient, who is suffering from end-stage renal disease. Transplant of the kidney is classified into two parts, living-donor transplantation and deceased-donor (formerly known as cadaveric). These transplants are done relying on the source of the donor organ. Associated highly educated kidney surgeons perform Kidney Transplant, ensuring that the donor and recipient should be compatible by having ABO blood group and crossmatch (HLA antigen).
Kidney transplantation becomes necessary in the case of end-stage renal failure. This is done on patient both of whose kidney is failed to that extent that their functions dips below the threshold level. In that case patient could hardly survive unless transplantation is done. A few decades earlier, kidney transplant was a difficult and medical science had yet to find a solution for a partially or fully failed kidney. But research and development in the field made it to possible to transplant the kidney of a patient with renal failure problem. This is usually classified as living-donor or deceased-donor transplantation.
Common diseases that causes renal failure:
- Diabetes mellitus
- Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
- Malignant hypertension.
Patients with a renal failure are put on dialysis until a donor is found. These patients consider kidney transplantation as viable solution to a persistent problem.
Procedure & Recovery
Kidney transplant is a complex surgery that requires too much attention and care for better recovery. Firstly, surgeons thoroughly analyse the condition of patients before deciding on a kidney transplant. In earlier times, kidney transplant included replacement of the exiting with the donor kidney. But nowadays, due to surgical morbidity or possibly low success rates, the surgeons prefer to transplant the donor kidney alongside the existing kidney.
A coded manual for kidney transplant governs the procedure of such a transplant in which the existing one is not removed. The recovery is slow and steady. The patients have to take too much precaution post-surgery. A grave concern in such a transplant is to monitor the functioning of the transplanted kidney and check whether the kidney is ideally functioning for the receiver. This is important, as sometimes, there are cases in which kidney do not suit the recipient. The surgeons, therefore, pay complete attention of the functioning of the kidney after the surgery is done.