Hip joint is a synovial joint that joins bones with a fibrous joint capsule filled with synovial fluid. There are two layers of the capsule. One is articular capsule at outer layer, which keeps the bones together, and the inner layer namely synovial membrane seals in the synovial fluid.
With the support of a ball and a socket hip joint formed, stabilized and movements around hip is given. The ball in the hip joint is the femoral bonehead that meets the pelvis in a socket.The cup like socket is a concave surface of a pelvis called acetabulum. Summarily, the hip joint is an articulation of the pelvis region that connects the axial skeleton with the lower extremity.
Causes of Hip Replacement Surgery
As described above about the socket, there is a ring of fibrous cartilage called labrum covers the outside rim of the socket. The fibrous cartilage is held in place by strong ligaments that surround the hip.This fibrous cartilage works like a cushion within the hip joint that reduce friction between the bones of femur head and socket.Out of any reasons when this cushioning cartilage wear and tear it causes massive degeneration of the hip joint bone due to increase of friction. There are many reasons that might result the hip joint bone damage or degradation such as:
It is found most common and primary in the hip joint bone degeneration. The labrum cartilage gets worn over time, especially at the age of 60 and above and thus develop with severe symptom of Osteoarthritis.
It causes loss of bone in the femur head. Interrupted of less or no blood supply to the hip joint bone causes Osteonecrosis. The loss of bone also may be a developmental disorders. Continuous uses of drugs like cortisone or prednisone may result into loss of bone. Sometimes it is caused by an accidental injury.
· Hip impingements
It is a genetic disorder. Sometimes a baby born with excess or large bone on the femur or on the pelvic cup that holds the femur. This is an asymptomatic disorder but when the labrum is caught between the ill-fitting bones the injuries occur and causes the cartilage to tear or fray. In anyways it is also a case of damage in the cartilage by whatever its reason may be.
Hip Replacement Surgery is a minimal invasive surgery in modern days. Such a surgery is undertaken in case of when ball and socket has nearly lost the cartilage. By this surgical procedure, a surgeon can resurface the bones of the joints and plants an artificial ball and socket into the area.
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