Open Heart Surgery: Procedure, Risks, Recovery Times in India
Heart ailments are getting commoner in India with each passing moment. The rate at which the cardiac ailments are rising in India is alarming.
According to some reports 17.5 million people die every year due to cardiac diseases worldwide. There are about 40 million cardiac patients alone in India and it is estimated that by the time we hit 2020, we will be the country with most number of patients with cardiovascular diseases. With all these facts and figures, the open heart surgery gametoo, is getting stronger in India. Medical tourism for heart surgery in India is also blooming.
Open Heart Surgery: An Insight into It
It is a cardiac surgery wherein the chest of the patient is cut open and a surgery is then done on the arteries, valves or muscles of the heart.
There are many different kinds of open heart surgeries done to treat several heart ailments. The most common type of open heart surgery performed in adults is CABG or coronary artery bypass grafting.
Open heart surgery is also known as traditional heart surgery. The technological intervention in the field of medicine has made it possible to perform the complex open heart surgery in the least invasive manner. Today, it has become possible to perform the surgery with minor incisions without the need to creating a wide opening in the heart and so, the term “open heart surgery” doesn’t fit right.
Why Is Open Heart Surgery Done?
There are various cardiovascular diseases that call for a need for open heart surgery.
CABG, the most common open heart surgery is indicated in the patients with coronary heart disease.
Open heart surgery is also done to replace or to repair the heart valves to establish a healthy blood flow through the heart.
In order to repair the damaged or abnormal cardiac areas open heart surgery is performed.
In cases of heart transplant (replacement of damaged heart with healthy donor heart), open heart surgery is performed.
Also, to place implant medical devices to ensure proper heart functioning, open heart surgery is performed.
Procedure of Open Heart Surgery
Here is the procedure of performing CABG, the most common open heart surgery.
First of all, general anaesthesia is given to the patient.
An 8- to 10- inch incision in made on the chest.
The heart is exposed cutting through the parts of the breastbone of the patient.
The patient is then connected to the heart- lung bypass machine to remove blood flow from the heart. The newer procedures do not use this measure.
A healthy artery or vein is used to make a newer path around the artery which is blocked.
The breastbone is then closed with a wire leaving it inside.
Sutures or stitches are given.
In some cases a sternal planting is performed especially in patients who have had many surgeries.
The whole procedure takes about 6 to 8 hours.
Risks Involved in Open Heart Surgery
There are certain risks that are associated with open heart surgery. They include:
Occurrence of stroke or heart attack
Chest wound infection. This is common in the patients who have diabetes and also, in obese patients. The risk of infection is also greater in the patients who have undergone CABG before.
Formation of blood clot
Difficulty in breathing
Low grade fever
Medical Tourism in India
As already mentioned, the medical tourism in India for cardiac surgeries is a blooming sector. There are several medical tourism websites that are operating to help the patients who are in dire need of a good cardiac treatment. In recent past, the Indian surgeons have performed open heart surgery successfully in many patients who have approached them via medical tourism.
More and more patients are coming to India for cardiac surgery as the open heart surgery cost in India is less than the developed countries. If we do medical tourism cost comparison, the medical tourism cost in Delhi, India is many times less than what it is in several other countries.