Cardiology Treatments and Procedures Recovery Times
The cardiovascular system of our body is one of the most complex systems. The unhealthy lifestyle today contributes with many cardiovascular health issues. With each passing day, the number of cardiac patients is increasing.
The medical facilities are providing perfect cardiology treatments to the patients suffering from heart ailments like atherosclerosis, heart attack, cardiac arrest, ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, arrhythmia, coronary artery disease, hypertension, congestive heart failure, peripheral artery disease as well as congenital heart diseases.
Today, with the wonders of science, cardiologists are able to perform complex surgeries of heart. There are many amazing medical facilities that are well- equipped with the latest medical equipments and best cardiologists from across the country to offer best cardiology treatments in Delhi India.
There was time when people were forced to go out of the country for certain complex cardiology procedures, but, today with an increase in the number of cardiologists and medical facilities, they can get any cardiac surgery done in their own country.
With the increased number of medical facilities in India, especially in Cardiology, the medical tourism for cardiology treatments in India is also taking a grip.
What procedures do cardiologists perform?
Cardiologists perform complex surgeries and other procedures of the cardiovascular system. Here is the cardiology procedure list:
Adult congenital heart surgery
A cardiologist can mend any congenital cardiac defect not only in children, but, also in adults. The available procedures and treatments for congenital heart disease include Ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure, patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure, Atrial septal defect (ASD), Isolated tricuspid repair, Pulmonary valve replacement, Ebstein’s anomaly, Anomalous pulmonary artery corrections, Ross procedure, Alcohol septal ablation and Balloon valvuloplasty.
Catheter ablation is an effective procedure done to treat arrhythmias. This procedure helps in the treatment of atrial fibrillation as well as ventricular tachycardia.
Angioplasty and Stenting
Cardiac catheterization is a process in which a catheter (a thin flexible tube) is inserted into the blood vessel in the arm or leg taking it to the arteries in heart. It is done for the diagnosis and treatment of many heart ailments.
In the cases where the coronary artery of the patient is blocked, cardiac catheterization helps in detecting the extent of blockage. In the procedure of angioplasty, a balloon is inflated to remove the plaque that is blocking the artery and a stent is then placed to keep away the plaque.
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Surgery
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting is a surgical procedure that is done to improve the cardiac blood flow. It is used for the treatment of coronary heart diseases. It includes traditional surgery, Thoracoscopic CABG and Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass (MIDCAB).
Repair and replacement of heart valves
It includes minimally invasive aortic valve replacement, port access mitral valve repair Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) and mitral valve repair and replacement. There are certain other robotic approaches to repair and replace heart valves.
Major Thoracic Aortic Surgery and Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Surgery
This includes aortic dissection, traumatic aortic rupture, and aortic aneurysm.
Heart failure caused by the issues like cardiomyopathy, coronary artery disease, congenital heart diseases and heart attack cannot be treated with medications. Excessive damage caused to the heart makes it incapable to work. This calls for heart transplant surgery.
Peripheral Vascular Interventions
They include peripheral angioplasty and stenting, and bypass surgery
Other procedures and treatments
There are certain other cardiac procedures including aortic and thoracic endografts, carotid endarterectomy, atherectomy, carotid artery stenting, complex lower extremity revascularization, endovascular aortic reconstruction and others.